USDA and AUPB Project: Results of Monitoring of Enteric Pathogens and Their Resistance in Pigs


As part of the joint project of the Association of Ukrainian Pig Breeders (AUPB) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) "Animal Health in Ukraine", microbiological monitoring of bacterial pathogens in pigs was conducted for the first time to determine antibiotic susceptibility using the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method, taking into account the clinical picture. 

The study, which involved 20 leading Ukrainian pig farms, was conducted over a nine-month period. In total, more than 300 rectal swabs from suckling piglets with signs of intestinal pathology were collected and examined. As a result, it was found that the etiologic spectrum of intestinal pathology in suckling piglets is quite diverse, however, the most common causes of diarrhea are rotaviruses of types A and C, as well as Cl. perfringens and E. coli bacteria. 

In addition, the results of susceptibility monitoring confirm that multidrug-resistant enterobacteria have been detected in Ukrainian pig production facilities. More details about the monitoring results can be found in the article by Dmytro Masyuk, Natalia Neverkovets, Andrii Kokarev (Research Center for Biosafety and Environmental Control of Agricultural Resources, SAEU) "Biosafety Center" in the April issue of the magazine "Profitable Pig Production: Military Digest".

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The Association of Ukrainian Pig Breeders is a non-profit, voluntary organization founded by Ukrainian pork producers. The main purposes of the association are representation and protection of rights and interests of farms of the association, assistance in development and introduction of new technologies for efficient production of pork, expansion of sales markets, and protection of domestic sales market.